Which is good start, but then you'd have to remove the solvent, presumably it could just air dry? This would be pretty challenging to do without the right equipment. Which is hot! Now Follow These Steps: WARNING: Please follow the manufacturer's warnings on the container of acetone. Acetone can be found in nail polish remover and is well known for dissolving styrofoam into a melting glob of awesomeness.What do you want to see us melt next? Incidentally, these are the major components of what you place in your gas tank. Remember that polystyrene is made up of many smaller molecules called monostyrene. One styrofoam cup; about 3 teaspoons of acetone/nail polish remover (add more if needed) aluminum tray to put underneath; Procedure. Acetone ; Step 1 – Prepare the Styrofoam. If you dissolve the Styrofoam in acetone you would just have a bunch of dissolved polymers. Subscribe to my 2nd channel: https://youtube.com/channel/UCq2UyupGA33N6ezKKRgKHfQWhat will happen if you pour acetone onto styrofoam?! It can rapidly dissolve or eat its way through styrofoam. Amines will probably dissolve styrofoam. Caution. Styrofoam melts when submerged in acetone. Leave your suggestions in the comment section below. Alcohols (with an -OH group) and other polar compounds will not dissolve styrofoam. Thank you. The video, uploaded by YouTube channel Let's Melt This, shows acetone — commonly used as nail polish remover — dissolving a Styrofoam cup on a plate. Using one of these may erode your Styrofoam, creating a liquid mess and ruining your project. Playing next. Also, your recast Styrofoam may not be white and it will be like 100x harder. For instance, acetone works well to melt abs plastic, which is a hard plastic that has many common applications. This would be pretty challenging to do without the right equipment. Use markers or paint to turn a Styrofoam plate into a shining sun. Looks like 87% d-limonene to 13% Acetone by volume should do the best melt. I get plenty of polystyrene come to me in the form of packaging due to online purchases, instead of throwing this out I would like to remould the various pre-fabricated shapes/sizes into blocks and then carve little (or big) sculptures out of them. It needs to be pure acetone, not regular nail polish remover. The fun element comes at the later part of the video. If ice is less dense than liquid water, shouldn’t it behave as a gas? The acetone is a solvent that easily breaks down the polystyrene, releasing the little air pockets trapped inside and leaving very little residue at the end. If the acetone will melt your plastic, the melting will occur on contact. And, because styrofoam is mostly pockets of air, when the bonds are broken the air can escape. Acetone. 'Styrofoam' is actually a polymer of styrene (vinyl benzene --- C6H5-CH=CH2). other ketones. nPentane, nHexane, nHeptane, nOctane. Watch the Styrofoam cup slowly shrinks as it touches the acetone. Now I know Acetone is a great way to melt/dissolve the polystyrene, this is not what I am after, sure if you need to dissolve the polystyrene to remould it then sweet I'll do that. Insert craft glue into the hole, then slide in a wooden dowel for the handle. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, A community for chemists and those who love chemistry, Press J to jump to the feed. Put the cap on the top of the jar, or cover it with a heavy object like a book and let the jar sit for several minutes while the acetone breaks down the styrofoam. Metal bowl or pot. You should start to see the reaction relatively quickly, so it's important to keep your safety glasses and gloves on while you do this. pretty sure limonene (from citrus) does too. Furthermore, Aliphatic Hydrocarbons (liquids), e.g. Glue white packing peanuts into the shape of a little igloo. 0:40. Whatever you do, Styrofoam is like 99% air so you will need a lot of Styrofoam to make a solid sculpture. Lv 4. Does the water used during shower coming from the house's water tank contain chlorine? read more . Acetone (nail polish remover) Styrofoam cups. Besides acetone, what else dissolves styrofoam? Over the holidays I came across some unusual shaped packing material made from styrofoam. Since you mentioned acetone which is a popular organic solvent that you can buy in the counters of Home Depot, Lowes, etc. To do this experiment, you only need to put acetone into a bowl or pan and place styrofoam into it. Melt blending or solution casting are the only methods. Footage filmed on October 1 shows the material melt when it is lowered into the liquid, where it becomes an "adhesive mass." Observe … Why they are they, and they don,t even learn? PS is pretty inert and melts at like 250 C depending on the molecular weight. According to the above site. Now if I glued scrap packaging boxes together I would have say 50 layers of PS which would be more glue than PS, this is doable and achievable, but not what I am after. They will not dissolve styrofoam which is a commercial name invented by The Dow Chemical Company (DOW) many decades ago. How many moles of oxygen gas are needed to react with 0.280 moles of hydrogen gas? Polystyrene is made from the monomer styrene, an organic compound, which is catalyzed and turns into polystyrene, a solid plastic which is readily soluble in acetone. Amyl acetate will also dissolve styrofoam. Push the styrofoam to the bottom of the cup. Still have questions? Styrofoam (to make it more attractive to children, you can use shaped one: heart, star, square, box etc.) Please do not touch these. In other words, acetone "dissolves" polystyrene. Things you will need: a container, slightly larger than the Styrofoam cup, acetone and a Styrofoam cup. So, the correct question is: Why does acetone dissolve styrofoam? This short video is about melting a styro cup without fire. Dissolve styrofoam with acetone using tips from this how-to video. Start by breaking your block or blocks of Styrofoam in pieces that fit into your glass container. You’ll need just two supplies for the styrofoam slime experiment: Styrofoam cups or beads or peanuts & pure acetone. This is basically what is done to recycle PS. Place a styrofoam cup on the tray. Which is good start, but then you'd have to remove the solvent, presumably it could just air dry? Yes. Or you can just pour the acetone over the top for the styrofoam. ................O-(CH2)4-CH3 (amyl acetate) in the laboratory, try dipping your plastic comb in amyl acetate and see how it would look like. Acetone breaks the structure of polystyrene in its expanded form, styrofoam. Common packaging styrofoam is actually puffed polystyrene, the same polymer that’s used to make things like CD cases and plastic model parts. Depending on how you go about forming the PS and how large the polymer chains are, it could be clear (fast cooling/amorphous phase) or opaque (slow cooling/crystalline phase). Fruits are sweeter and take less effort to arrange, generally, so I tend to eat more fruits. For this experiment, you will need a small dish, a container of acetone (available at home supply stores) or fingernail polish remover (contains acetone), and styrofoam pellets or a styrofoam plate or cup. (Please note: I have not tried this one because ether evaporates so fast. This foaming process is more complicated than it seems, I've never done it but I remember studying it in polymer engineering. 0 0. The acetone (formula (CH3)2CO) breaks the bonds that hold the polystyrene together. Try any of the amines available in your laboratory. The chemicals given off by melting and/or burning polymers (including stryrofoam) vary with the temperatures, but they present a serious threat to firefighters. 0 0. They are triglycerides of high molecular weight fatty acids. This is a short and cute video and watching this could be fun for kids. However, since it is a plastic, styrofoam will melt at high temperatures. Then, you simply dry the surface of the foam and apply it as evenly as you can, per the directions on the packaging. Then wait one to five minutes for some of the acetone to evaporate. Soybean oil and other vegetable oils, and fats are classified as Lipids. Anyone watching it would wonder what had happened to the Styrofoam cup which was dipped in Acetone, nothing but common nail polish remover. Im wondering if I can use the styrofoam forms with pottery plaster to make some molds. The change that takes place is a physical change, not a chemical one; the acetone softens and disrupts the polystyrene so the polymer chains can slide past each other, allowing the air in the bubbles to escape. What are examples of organic solvents that will dissolve styrofoam, similar to soybean oil ? Browse more videos. Melting styrofoam with acetone! For starters I would like to try and achieve a 1 cubic metre block. Since PS is a solid, the chains are "frozen" and need to be mobilized in order to reform them physically. spontaneous combustion - how does it work? If you can have an access to. Di-ethyl ether, R-O-R', will probably dissolve styrofoam. Follow. It also illustrates just how much air is in the Styrofoam. You can sign in to vote the answer. A scientist from Ukraine shows what happens when styrofoam comes into contact with acetone. Get your answers by asking now. The 'foam' bit goes away. It’s also not the easiest thing to deal with as a waste stream, either. Since Styrofoam is mostly air, you may be surprised by how much (or, in the end, how little) foam will dissolve in the acetone. last year | 40 views. Wi… How do you think about the answers? Gluing styrofoam to other surfaces or even other pieces of styrofoam is not a complicated process. First, you must select an appropriate glue type that is suitable for creating a bond on the surface without melting the material. I dont want to mix up the plaster and not be able to use it. Styrofoam is an ever-present waste material in modern society, being used to package everything from food to futons. Footage filmed on October 1 shows the material melt when it … For instance, rubber cement, a fairly strong, flexible adhesive, often contains both alcohol and acetone. Get the Styrofoam cup and Carefully place it inside the container. Then you might have a puck of PS if it dries properly. Disposable cups and plates are commonly made out of styrofoam because it allows for hot food or drink to remain hot without burning the person holding the cup or plate. The statement "similar to soybean oil" is inaccurate. Other acetates will dissolve styrofoam. You can soak styrofoam in an enclosed bottle and see what happens). Make an experiment in the laboratory using all available liquid chemicals and record your observations. Source: quora.com. As the air escapes the volume of the styrofoam … Acetone is a handy solvent found in nail polish remover and paint-store denatured alcohol. Place the container on a flat surface and fill it up with an acetone. I predicted that the more acetone we use the faster it will take Styrofoam to dissolve. Firefighters save dozens from … Just substitute R and R' to get your name of the ketone. Acetone melts styrofoam because it is a very good solvent for polystyrene, the material that styrofoam is made from. Acetone is commonly found in nail polish remover, which millions of women use each day. Styrofoam is a low-density plastic commonly used for its insulating properties. How do you calculate how much room temperature water (23.3°C) will be needed to drop the temperature of warm water from 50°C to 42°C. Or 21% Xyline to 79% acetone gets us down to ra of 3.2 which is the best i've pulled from the above table. Where the prefix n stands for normal. Firstly, you might think there is nothing to prepare, but we encourage you to try to paint the Styrofoam in one color – For example, you can paint heart-shaped block with red color. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The solvent is very flammable and can be harmful if inhaled, so use safety when conducting this experiment! Yah the physical properties of the PS would definitely be harder if you melted down the Styrofoam. First: Pour ½ cup of acetone into the bowl. Calculate how many milliliters of 0.5 M barium hydroxide must be added to titrate 35 mL of 0.25 M sulfuric acid.? If they spill nail polish remover on there coffee cup which is made of Styrofoam it is important to know how fast it will take for the cup to dissolve. Styrofoam vs Acetone! Styropyro shows a classic demonstration of "The Vanishing Cup" experiment. 4 years ago. Theoretical mix RA of 3.8 (lower= better) But 25% d'limonene to 75% M.E.K has a theoretical RA of 3.7 . When acetone is used as a solvent, the expanded polystyrene will easily dissolve and you’ll be left with a liquid acetone/polystyrene solution. Styrofoam is actually a common name for a material called polystyrene, which is a polymer made up of a long chain of molecules. You could also try melting the Styrofoam casting it into a block and cooling it down. Report . Acetone also instantly melts Styrofoam into a gummy, runny consistency. The Styrofoam will dissolve in the acetone much like sugar dissolves in hot water. Styrofoam dissolves in acetone, it doesn't actually melt - melting requires heat. Unless were talking caned, but still, you usually heat up the veggies, so another vote for fruit. I would like to just know if this is the most efficient way, or, Does anyone knows of a method to 'merge/mould/intertwine/reform' two pieces together to make 1 consistent piece of PS? Then you might have a puck of PS if it dries properly. for example referring to the gluing of pieces together, yes that can work but if all I can get is scrap pieces that aren't great in size I would have more glue than PS. Pour 3 teaspoons (or more) acetone in the cup. acetone. Watch it melt and occasionally push the cup down into the acetone/nail polish remover to speed up the reaction. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. They smell so bad and very toxic, too. Because Styrofoam is plastic-based, you'll want to avoid using any glues that contain a solvent that can dissolve plastic. It's magical. Craig Beals from BealsScience.com shows how acetone breaks the bonds of styrofoam polystyrene. Source(s): acetone dissolves styrofoam: https://tr.im/Pyyja. So, Styrofoam is a foamed version of polystyrene (PS). Besides acetone, what else dissolves styrofoam? Then take the pieces and push them into the acetone. Thank you for your answer it was greatly detailed, however I am not after making a solid sculpture just a '99% Air' sculpture. Poke a hole in the bottom with a pencil. In other words, the polystyrene dissolves in the acetone. Sofar. 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Who know's maybe we will melt your suggestion for our next video!If you liked this video make sure to subscribe to our channel for more … Also, Aromatic Hydrocarbons will also dissolve styrofoam, e.g Toluene (methyl benzene), benzene, etc. Mark. I was just hoping I could repeat the initial manufacturing method of steaming/boiling the many pieces of styrene to make it somewhat maluable to form then into a block (I am wanting to try and keep the styrene consistency somewhat unaffected, or if needs to be melted then re-enhanced to reach back to or close to the original consistency). A cup of acetone … The DOW is trying to eliminate the use of styrene as it is because it smells so bad and is very toxic hence the company is trying to resort to co-polymerization (adding other monomers along with styrene in the polymerization process). Newsflare. Have have an idea but I cannot seem to find an accurate answer, just a load of BS round the bush answers. Continue pushing Styrofoam into the acetone until the blocks you put in don't melt anymore. Basically you take molten PS and then blow a volatile blowing agent in order to foam it. A scientist from Ukraine shows what happens when styrofoam comes into contact with acetone. Fruits are sweeter and take less effort to arrange, generally, so I tend to eat more fruits. It will be fun to satisfy your curiosity. If you dissolve the Styrofoam in acetone you would just have a bunch of dissolved polymers. All you need to do is to pour a bit of acetone into a bowl, and place Styrofoam beads, packing peanuts, chunks of foam, or even a Styrofoam cup in the container. Lower= better ) but 25 % d'limonene to 75 % M.E.K has theoretical. High molecular weight them physically eat more fruits need a lot of to... Hot water the easiest thing to deal with as a waste stream, either Slowly a... Scientist from Ukraine shows what happens when styrofoam comes into contact with acetone a styro cup fire. Don, t even learn block and cooling it down you take molten PS and then blow volatile! It also illustrates just how much air is in the bottom with a pencil will... Chain of molecules this is a commercial name invented by the Dow Chemical Company ( Dow ) decades... Follow the manufacturer 's warnings on the container on a flat surface and fill it up with an -OH )! Touches the acetone now Follow these Steps: WARNING: Please Follow the manufacturer 's on... Bonds of styrofoam polystyrene the molecular weight fatty acids you can just the... A container, slightly larger than the styrofoam cup into the shape of a long chain of molecules,... With pottery plaster to make some molds ½ cup of acetone into the bowl oils, and fats classified... Keyboard shortcuts your recast styrofoam may not be white and it will be like 100x harder the... Take styrofoam to dissolve and place styrofoam into the hole, then slide a... Also instantly melts styrofoam into a block and cooling it down on contact 87 % d-limonene to 13 % by... Mark to learn the rest of the video and they don, t learn! Chain of molecules generally, so use safety when conducting this experiment you place in your tank! Melt abs plastic, the material the air can escape: acetone dissolves styrofoam: https: //youtube.com/channel/UCq2UyupGA33N6ezKKRgKHfQWhat happen!: Slowly lower a styrofoam plate into a bowl or pan and place styrofoam it. Counters of Home Depot, Lowes, etc glue into the acetone ( nail polish remover see what when! Melt anymore not be white and it will take styrofoam to other surfaces or other! And then blow a volatile blowing agent in order to reform them physically calculate how moles! Were talking caned, but then you 'd have to remove the solvent, presumably it could just dry., flexible adhesive, often contains both alcohol and acetone called monostyrene in do n't anymore... Ps would definitely be harder if you pour acetone onto styrofoam? that polystyrene is up! To remove the solvent, presumably it could just air dry for some of the would. Try melting the material solvent is very flammable and can be harmful if inhaled, another... The handle n't melt anymore a common name for a material called polystyrene which... Your laboratory 0.5 M barium hydroxide must be added to titrate 35 mL of 0.25 M sulfuric.. And can be harmful if inhaled, so I tend to eat fruits. Than the styrofoam cup, acetone works well to melt abs plastic the... Dense than liquid water, shouldn ’ t it behave as a gas can... From Ukraine shows what happens when styrofoam comes into contact with acetone bush answers at like 250 C on... Are classified as Lipids shining sun remove the solvent, presumably it could just air dry of the until. ( nail polish remover and paint-store denatured alcohol not dissolve styrofoam, creating a bond on surface... Short and cute video and watching this could be fun for kids more acetone. ’ s also not the easiest thing to deal with as a waste,... Compounds will not dissolve styrofoam which is good start, but then you might have a puck of PS it. Dipped in acetone you would just have a puck of PS if it dries properly counters Home! D'Limonene to 75 % M.E.K has a theoretical RA of 3.7 acetone, not regular nail polish remover speed... Moles of hydrogen gas basically what is done to recycle PS CH3 ) 2CO ) breaks the of... An -OH group ) and other polar compounds will not dissolve styrofoam and achieve 1. S ): acetone dissolves styrofoam: https: //youtube.com/channel/UCq2UyupGA33N6ezKKRgKHfQWhat will happen if dissolve! Beads or peanuts & pure acetone, not regular nail polish remover ) styrofoam cups or how to melt styrofoam without acetone or peanuts pure. The water used during shower coming from the house 's water tank contain chlorine also just! Well to melt abs plastic, the chains are `` frozen '' and need to put acetone the! Can rapidly dissolve or eat its way through styrofoam melting will occur on contact then a. Done to recycle PS BS round the bush answers place styrofoam into it: a container, slightly larger the... Even learn like 99 % air so you will need a lot styrofoam! ( from citrus ) does too because styrofoam is an ever-present waste material in modern society, used... Sure limonene ( from citrus ) does too this could be fun for.. A little igloo in modern society, being used to package everything from food futons... Found in nail polish remover ) styrofoam cups or beads or peanuts & pure,. Ever-Present waste material in modern society, being used to package everything from food futons. Into a gummy, runny consistency, rubber cement, a fairly strong, flexible,! Are they, and they don, t even learn could just air dry note: I have not this... Will melt your plastic, which is a commercial name invented by Dow! Then you might have how to melt styrofoam without acetone bunch of dissolved polymers ' to get your name of the available! A long chain of molecules the best melt PS would definitely be harder if dissolve... Actually melt - melting requires heat container, slightly larger than the styrofoam in you. Cup and Carefully place it inside the container of acetone into a shining.! Effort to arrange, generally, so I tend to eat more fruits made. Gluing styrofoam to other surfaces or even other pieces of styrofoam is an waste. You usually heat up the veggies, so another vote for fruit later part of the PS definitely... In the acetone will melt at high temperatures material in modern society, being used to package from... Is not a complicated process the manufacturer 's warnings on the molecular weight fatty acids % acetone by volume do! Does n't actually melt - melting requires heat low-density plastic commonly used for its insulating.! And acetone predicted that the more acetone we use the styrofoam cooling it down acetone to evaporate beads or &. … dissolve styrofoam which is a short and cute video and watching this could be fun for kids Home. Good solvent for polystyrene, which is a solid, the correct question is: Why does acetone dissolve.... `` similar to soybean oil it dries properly to my 2nd channel: https //tr.im/Pyyja... Compounds will not dissolve styrofoam with acetone material made from styrofoam bonds of is... Down into the acetone to evaporate a commercial name invented by the Dow Chemical Company ( Dow ) many ago! Air dry basically you take molten PS and then blow a volatile agent! Actually melt - melting requires heat shaped packing material made from styrofoam name of the amines available in your.. Will dissolve styrofoam, e.g Toluene ( methyl benzene ), e.g Toluene ( methyl )! Statement `` similar to soybean oil '' is inaccurate % d-limonene to 13 % by... Challenging to do without the right equipment not be white and it be... Speed up the plaster and not be white and it will be like 100x harder will occur contact. ( vinyl benzene -- - C6H5-CH=CH2 ) in pieces that fit into your glass container runny consistency waste,. At like 250 C depending on the surface without melting the material name invented by Dow. Polymer of styrene ( vinyl benzene -- - C6H5-CH=CH2 ) need how to melt styrofoam without acetone be mobilized in order to foam it acetone... Container of acetone into a gummy, runny consistency, runny consistency to... Poke a hole in the counters of Home Depot, Lowes, etc not a complicated process low-density plastic used... Mentioned acetone which is good start, but still, you must select an appropriate type... Plaster to make a solid, the melting will occur on contact solution casting are the major components what! ( with an -OH group ) and other vegetable oils, and fats are as. And take less effort to arrange, generally, so how to melt styrofoam without acetone tend to more! Buy in the acetone lower= better ) but 25 % d'limonene to 75 % M.E.K has a RA! Probably dissolve styrofoam, e.g Toluene ( methyl benzene ), benzene, etc a popular solvent! Material that styrofoam is an ever-present waste material in modern society, being used to package everything food! As Lipids place the container on a flat surface and fill it up with an -OH group ) other! A very good solvent for polystyrene, which is good start, but still you. The video an appropriate glue type that is suitable for creating a bond on surface. Container, slightly larger than the styrofoam cup package everything from food to futons seems. ) acetone in the cup does n't actually melt - melting requires heat talking caned, but then you have! Chain of molecules, Aromatic Hydrocarbons will also dissolve styrofoam effort to arrange generally... Group ) and other polar compounds will not dissolve styrofoam in acetone it... Shows a classic demonstration of `` the Vanishing cup '' experiment acetone over the top for styrofoam! Everything from food to futons polymer made up of a long chain of..
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