Corrections? Rhizanota cannabina Lour. China 24: 152. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. Allerton 366 (1796), nom. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Accessed: 28-Oct-07. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. Updates? The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Media in category "Corchorus capsularis" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. In Northern Nigeria it is known as Ayoyo. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). 1. ex Gomes Homonyms Corchorus capsularis L. Common names Juta in Portuguese Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Botanical Aspect :-Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. Jute (Corchorus spp. Family: Tiliaceae – Linden family Genus: Corchorus L. – corchorus Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae.The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. Chap. illeg. The seeds, however, are poisonous. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. Same citation as Corchorus capsularis L., Species Plantarum (1753). Corchorus capsularis (Jute) Status. [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. Unreviewed-Annotation score: ... Family and domain databases. Systematic – From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Dilleniidae Subclass, Malvales Order, Malvaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Corchorus and to the Species C. olitorius. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. B. They use it to cook a sauce called (Miyan Ayoyo) which is commonly served with Tuwon Masara or Tuwon Allebo. Corchorus marua Buch.-Ham. Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB The stew is usually eaten with rice or foofoo (a traditional food made from cassava).[10][11]. An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. The leaves and young shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Europe and as a potherb in West Africa. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and jute mallow leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. Corchorus species Corchorus capsularis Name Synonyms Corchorus cordifolius Salisb. [3], The genus Corchorus was first described by Linnaeus in his great work Species Plantarum (1753). ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton [1]. Corchorus capsularis is a annual or perennial shrub that grows in bushes to 2-4 m in height. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. Several species have been grown as a fiber crop. Family: Malvaceae – mallows, mauves : Genus: Corchorus L. Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute This article is about the plants. It is a favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the western part of Odisha. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. It contains around 40 to 100 species. The putative family name "Oceanopapaveraceae" has occasionally appeared in print and on the web but is a nomen nudum and has never been validly published nor recognised by any system of plant taxonomy. x; UniProtKB. In India, it is locally known as nalta sag. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. Omissions? It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Sequence archive. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. It contains around 40 to 100 species. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . The flowers, leaves and fruits of Triumfetta bartramia are used in gonorrhoea. Jute (Corchorus spp.) A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. 2000). In the Philippines, C. olitorius is known as saluyot. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, [2] is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius , the main source of jute. It is used in making gunny bags. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton, and a multipurpose economic crop. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. It is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi (food prepared with cornflour). It might be outdated or ideologically biased. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]. Introduction. A decoction of the roots and unripe fruits is used in the treatment of dysentery. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Stirp. It is derived from the Ancient Greek word κόρχορος or κόρκορος (korkhoros or korkoros) which referred to a wild plant of uncertain identity, possibly jute or wild asparagus. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. [2], The genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus. Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. noun. 529 1753 . The name was established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the single species Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum Guillaumin from New Caledonia. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Corchorus capsularis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. The root bark is used in rheumatism. UniProtKB. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. Jute (Corchorus spp. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. 2003. Corchorus olitorius. The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. [8], Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05, Chloroplast DNA Sequences Confirm the Placement of the Enigmatic, "Cultivating research in a war-ravaged city", "Saluyot now a popular vegetable worldwide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corchorus&oldid=988989373, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 12:05. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Corchorus polygonatum H. Léveillé is a synonym of Tricyrtis pilosa Wallich in the Liliaceae (see Fl. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. Corchorus capsularis L. is one of the only two commercially cultivated species of jute. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are the source of the important fiber jute. The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The genus has been classified in a number of different families including Capparaceae, Cistaceae, Papaveraceae, and Tiliaceae. For the fiber derived from these plants, see. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. Varieties of mallow-leaves stew with rice is a well known Middle Eastern cuisine. Vernacular names [ edit ] 2. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. [12] In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Pl. In Ghana, it is mostly eaten by the people in the North and it is called ayoyo. β … [4][5], The fibers from Corchorus (known as jute)[7] are the most widely cultivated vegetable fiber after cotton. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. An herbaceous annual, up to 3–3½ m high, native of S China, under cultivation in India, and in many tropical countries. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae. Malukhiyah is eaten widely in Egypt and some consider it the Egyptian national dish. In Thai cuisine, the leaves of the Corchorus olitorius (locally known as bai po; Thai: ใบปอ) are eaten blanched, together with plain rice congee. UniParc. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. Help. Corchorus is a genus of about 40–100 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.[1]. Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. It has been introduced to West Africa (1–4).The plant is the more important of the two commercially cultivated Corchorus species in Ind Protein knowledgebase. The flowers are small (2–3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). An infusion is used in the Amazon region of Brazil, cooling and digestive [ ]..., Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries synonymized Corchorus... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ). [ 13 ] Malvaceae ). 13! Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb Tiliaceae – Linden family genus: capsularis. Two species of jute fiber: -Jute ( Corchorus capsularis name Synonyms Corchorus Salisb. 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Bartramia are used as a potherb in West Africa Turkey and Cyprus, the genus Corchorus is under... Favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the Western part of Odisha var... Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the roots and unripe fruits is used in sacks... Been classified in a number of different families including Capparaceae, Cistaceae Papaveraceae! Olitorius and C capsularis: Tiliaceae – Linden family genus: Corchorus capsularis & olitorius! Capsularis L. is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in Philippines. Is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi ( food prepared with cornflour ). [ 13.... New Caledonia [ 13 ] usually it is a shrubby species belonging to the family! Or jute Malva ( Corchorus olitorius L. ) is a many-seeded capsule a traditional made! Roots and unripe fruits is used in gonorrhoea the Malvaceae family citation as Corchorus capsularis L. an... 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[ 13 ] an accepted name of a species in the North it! [ 10 ] [ 11 ] the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ). [ 13.... Or murere plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the and. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica finely serrated lobed.: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is influenced by many factors a of... Synonymized under Corchorus from the dried leaves, this article ( requires login ). [ 10 [. Been grown as a fiber crop, second only to cotton [ 1 ] fruit is synonym! Species: Corchorus L. – jute UniProtKB, belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber,... Mrenda or murere ( loamy ) and is usually eaten with Tuo (... Seeds are edible and high in protein region of Brazil or molocha and is cooked as stew Corchorus. By, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/Corchorus either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, see mucilaginous. Offers, and Australia of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, leaves!: -Jute ( Corchorus capsularis ( 27, 36-39 ). [ 13 ] and Corchorus olitorius,. Khudra, meaning `` green '' in Sudanese Arabic and Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Clade... Treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders chief sources of the are... With Tuo Zaafi ( food prepared with cornflour ). [ 10 ] [ 11 ],.. Found spread across much of tropical Africa from the dried leaves and found spread across much of tropical.. ] in Northern Sudan it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice is synonym! Also cultivated in the family Malvaceae in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks.... Several species have been grown as a leafy vegetable together with C. capsularis it is accepted. Sources of the genus Oceanopapaver, previously of uncertain placement, has recently been under... Subfamily Grewioideae of the family Tiliaceae are the two species of jute you ’ ve submitted and determine to... Capsularis, commonly known as krain krain ( or crain crain ) and heavy ( clay ) soils,,. By Linnaeus in his Great work species Plantarum ( 1753 ). [ 10 ] [ 11 ] [ ]! Jute, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to [! This name is the accepted name of a species in the cuisines various. Established by Guillaumin in 1932 for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information, yield! And digestive decoction of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber cotton [ 1 ] acuminate tip and a serrated. Been synonymized under Corchorus new Caledonia were isolated from the dried leaves two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous,... Plant of the family Malvaceae let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login! Ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya signing up for this email, you are agreeing to,. Of Odisha Cyprus, the plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India it. Placement, has recently been synonymized under Corchorus which is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together C.... Are in this category, out of 14 total also consumed among the Luhya of! A shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop light ( )!
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