Number crunching Gujarat model: The gleam of state’s high growth numbers hides dark reality of poverty, inequality An analysis of data shows that the Gujarat model … Gujarat’s sorry state of affairs is due to corruption in the purchase of defective ventilators which led to a spike in Covid-related deaths; problems in enforcing social distancing in congested areas of Ahmedabad, return of people who attended a religious convention in Delhi, pressure from some business groups to relax the lockdown conditions, faulty delivery system which hampered aid reaching targeted beneficiaries, and lack of transparency in disclosing the Covid-19 situation in the state. In 2013-14, two of India’s top economists — Amartya Sen and Jagdish Bhagwati — were engaged in a very public, often vitriolic, spat over the Gujarat vs Kerala model of development. “Kerala Model” in our book is a metaphor for a primarily redistribution and statedriven development while “Gujarat Model” is the metaphor for a primarily growth and private-entrepreneurship driven development. A market-friendly, growth-first approach that raises incomes and eventually leads to better societal outcomes. United Nations declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014, a 5.77% increase over 2012. In popular discourse, Kerala is the ultimate Exhibit A in human development indicators, and this is said to be the result of state spending on social sectors like education and health. Kerala also adopted the World Health Organisation (WHO) protocol of ‘test, trace, isolate and support’ to tackle the pandemic. FEATURES OF KERALA MODEL DEVELOPMENT 15. Get Journals daily newsletter on your inbox. He argues that achievements in social infrastructure can be possible only at the support of economic infrastructure and growth. The famous ‘Gujarat Model’ of development has been a topic for debate ever since the term was coined in the second half of the last decade. Newsclick discusses this question with Surajit Mazumdar, Professor at the School of Liberal Studies, Ambedkar University, Delhi. 1. If we want to evaluate Modi and his development model, we should look at two things: Compare the rate of Kerala's development in the past 10 years with the rate of Gujarat's development in the past 10 years. For Gujarat, some recent rates of change might look impressive, as it is on a small base, while for Kerala even incremental changes on high levels are impressive as they are difficult to come by. Gujarat clearly outscores Kerala on the economic development indices. Bhagwathi thinks that the Kerala model of development is not sustainable as it has no resource base. He argues that achievements in social infrastructure can be possible only at the support of economic infrastructure and growth. The Kerala model, on the other hand, privileged a rights-based approach to development with a strong emphasis on social and human development. © 2020 The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd. India's role in Covid-19 vaccine critical: Bill Gates, Apple Event 2020: New Watches, iPad and more, SSR case: NCB arrests 2 more persons in drug probe, India's economy to contract 9% in FY21: ADB, Biting the hand that feeds: Jaya Bachchan hits back, Actors Diganth, Aindrita Ray get notice from CCB, Ali Khan becomes first American in IPL cricket, Aus addicted to fossil fuel with oil, gas subsidies, Trump hosts Israel, Bahrain, UAE peace ceremony, Karnataka Congress targets ruling BJP over drug scandal, A freshly killed chicken is mightier than Covid-19, Ragini mixes water in urine sample to 'cheat' drug test, Want the team at SAI till end of year: Reid, Non-stop Bengaluru-San Francisco flight from 2021. Kerala became the toast of the international media for the effective way in which it tackled the Covid-19 pandemic early on. Kerala Model of development The Kerala Model focused on marching to economic development through desirable social changes. Why do you want to compare the Kerala model of development with the Gujarat model of development? model or the Haryana model of development. But frankly, it is nothing more than a massive election propaganda by the BJP and our Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Taal Thok Ke (Special Edition): Is Gujarat the development model of country? But frankly, it is nothing more than a massive election propaganda by the BJP and our Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Kerala model is primarily about redistribution and state-driven development. Kerala Model of Development took on the theory that economic growth is the only way to meet basic needs of people in poverty, to raise them above poverty, and generate employment. Editor Despite a spike in Covid-19 cases in Kerala recently due to returning migrants, Kerala has reported only 25 Covid-related deaths so far, as against 1,906 deaths in Gujarat. Gujarat, a high income state in the country is a step ahead to Kerala in income per capita. This article has been deleted on the author's request. Gujarat model as a metaphor for a primarily growth and private entrepreneurship driven development, It believes in top-down development model→ trickle-down approach + more of centralised planning and implementation. The debate is a shorthand for which model of development should a state pursue? Table 1 compares the same from FY’15 to demonstrate that Gujarat has grown at 12.6% YoY … capita NSDP shows its inclusive nature of development while that of Gujarat is more exclusive as its phenomenal economic growth in the current decades has never been accompanied by respective growth of per capita NSDP. The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467. (World development vol.29, no ², pp.601-617,2001 The new kerala model: lessons for sustainable development rene veron). Different aspects of economic growth and social indicators have been observed. One of the most popular growth models that are frequently compared for its uniqueness is the growth models of Gujarat and Kerala. The article noted that as soon as reports emerged about the virus from Wuhan, the minister consulted medical experts and, after a meeting of a rapid response team on January 24, set up a control room and instructed medical officers in the state’s 14 districts to do likewise. In today's episode of 'Taal Thok Ke' we will discuss- Is Gujarat the development model of country? The Kerala model of development refers to the practices adopted in the state of Kerala, India.Characterized strong social indicators such as education, healthcare, high life expectancy, low infant mortality and low birth rate, often at levels comparable to developed countries despite having a low per capita income. 1.Human Development Index Kerala’s rating of HDI is 0.790 is the highest in India, resulting mainly from the vast improvements the state has made in the fields of sanitation, health, education and poverty-reduction. What do you need? Kerala model is primarily about redistribution and state-driven development. Using data from a study by Princeton University on state-wise hospital infrastructure in India covering the public and private sectors, it is seen that as against the WHO norm of one doctor per 1,000 population, Kerala reported 1.68 registered doctors per 1,000 population, compared to 0.97 for Gujarat. Theoretical and empirical evidences suggest that there is a positive relationship between economic growth and social development. They suggest that Kerala’s high social indicators have much less to do with the so-called Kerala model, and more to do with global trade, growth-oriented policies and private-sector participation. KERALA MODEL VS GUJARAT MODEL . By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of … In terms of numbers, Kerala’s Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.825, while that of Gujarat is 0.599, which is termed as just “medium”. The worst indictment of the state government’s handling of the pandemic was a recent judgement by the Gujarat High Court which branded the civil hospital in Ahmedabad, where more than 45% of Covid-related deaths took place, as “worse than a dungeon”. ... Battle of Models: Gujarat Vs Kerala - … Kerala Labour Minister Shibu Baby John came under fire Saturday for meeting Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi to study the success of the Gujarat model of development. Under-5 mortality rate in Gujarat was 49%, compared to 12% in Kerala. The Kerala Model focused on marching to economic development through desirable social changes. Gujarat even reported 92 PHCs without any doctor whereas there were no such PHCs in Kerala. Gujarat can be seen only as a “growth model”, while Kerala’s model is “human development … The Niti Aayog’s Health Index (HI) comprising of 23 indicators for 2017-18 clearly show that Kerala leads other Indian states with an HI of 74; Gujarat trailed at 63.5. UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012, an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. When the countrywide lockdown was imposed from March 25, Kerala had the highest number of Covid-19 patients in the country after Maharashtra in the initial weeks. Gujarat’s development journey is characterized as development oriented, inclusive and participative. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. The Gujarat development model has become an object of desire for much of India. The Gujarat Model would, Mr Modi was suggesting, be different from, and better than, the Kerala Model. The debate is a shorthand for which model of development should a state pursue? The entire world talks about the Gujarat Model of Development. The Truth Behind the Gujarat Growth Model. National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS), USA’s S301 report on Equalisation Levy and Indian Response, Development support services to states by NITI AYOG. The crowning moment for Kerala was the recovery of a 93-year-old man and his 88-year-old wife from Covid-19 despite having co-morbidities. As per Rural Health Statistics for 2018-19, although Gujarat had a higher number of Primary Health Centres (PHC) than Kerala, the average rural population served by a PHC in Gujarat is double that in Kerala. The Gujarat model is mostly credited to the BJP government under the leadership of Narendra Modi in Gujarat where as the Kerala model development cannot … Kerala’s progressive policies since decades, investment in public health and education, robust local government institutions, a well-functioning public distribution system in urban and rural areas, community mobilisation, apart from aggressive testing, tracing, isolation and treatment of vulnerable or infected people has enabled Kerala to tame the Covid-19 pandemic. But even on the human development front, Kerala is hardly the unqualified success it is made out to be. 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