Introduction Brief History of Table Tennis Equipment Fundamental skills and techniques Rules of the game Outline 3. . Jan 1, 1880. Persson is one of the three table tennis players to have competed at seven Olympic Games. There are professional competitions at the clubs level; the respective leagues of Austria, Belgium, China (China Table Tennis Super League), Japan (T.League), France, Germany (Bundesliga), and Russia are examples of the highest level. OOAK Table Tennis Forum A truly International Table ... A Brief History of Sponge. The two name are used interchangeably depending on the circumstance during play: either as a game or sport. The federation was therefore named ITTF. All About Table Tennis Like most other sports, table tennis had humble beginnings as a “parlor game,” open to anyone with access to a table, paddle, and ball. World Championship of Ping Pong uses old-fashioned wooden paddles covered with sandpaper. For example, a player may have a rubber that provides much spin on one side of their racket, and one that provides no spin on the other. It is achieved by placing the thumb and index finger on either side of the bottom of the racquet head and holding the handle with the rest of the fingers.  When a pair reaches 5 points in the final game, the pairs must switch ends of the table and change the receiver to reverse the order of play. Over 140 countries are now members of ITTF table-tennis-world-cup. It was chaired and directed by Ivor Montague, who was the son of Lord Ewatthling.  A Grand Slam is earned by a player who wins singles crowns at the Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup. Brief History of Table Tennis The origins of the game can be traced back to a parlor game popular in the late 19th century in England. The Team World Cup was lastly held in 2015 in Dubai.  In 2005, the ITTF announced that doubles table tennis only was featured as a part of team events in the 2008 Olympics. A row of books stood up along the center of the table as a net, two more books served as rackets and were used to continuously hit a golf-ball. One of fanatic Whiff-Whiff player, Mr. Gibb returned from the United States in 19001.He brought a celluloid ball for the game.  The rules say that the ball shall bounce up 24–26 cm (9.4–10.2 in) when dropped from a height of 30.5 cm (12.0 in) onto a standard steel block thereby having a coefficient of restitution of 0.89 to 0.92. The birth of ITTF resulted in 1926. The system can also be initiated at any time at the request of both players or pairs. , On many continents, there is a governing body responsible for table tennis on that continent. A federation was formed in Berlin, and it was to be named International Ping-Pong Federation. The counter-hit is usually a counterattack against drives, normally high loop drives.  Jan-Ove Waldner of Sweden first completed the grand slam at 1992 Olympic Games. The naming did not happen since the name had already been registered. Because the speed is the main aim of this shot, the spin on the ball is often minimal, although it can be applied as well. By flipping the racket in play, different types of returns are possible. If the expedite system is introduced while the ball is not in play, the previous receiver shall serve first. Players must hit the ball in turn. History Of Ping Pong Timeline created by aldoruiz001. A notable exception is Michael Maze. And rather than using rackets, two more books were used to hit a golf ball from one end of the table to the other. The game began in the 1880s, when lawn tennis players adapted their game to play indoors during the winter. In table tennis (or ping-pong, as it is often called colloquially), two opponents (in singles) or two teams of two opponents (in doubles), play a match consisting of games and points, using wooden-based rackets covered in rubber to hit a 40mm diameter celluloid ball over a 15.25cm high net, onto the opponent's side of a table that is 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and 76cm high.  A row of books stood up along the center of the table as a net, two more books served as rackets and were used to continuously hit a golf-ball. The ball passes over the player's court or beyond their end line without touching their court, after being struck by the opponent. The name table tennis was adopted in 1921–22 when the old Ping-Pong Association formed in 1902 was revived. The game of Table Tennis has witnessed a lot of evolution and modification throughout its brief but captivating history. This simple game consisted largely of hitting a champagne cork with a book, back and forth across a large table (usually a dinner table) separated into two halves by … In casual games, many players do not toss the ball upward; however, this is technically illegal and can give the serving player an unfair advantage. They decided to use their dinner table, arranged books in the middle of the table to act as the net then used cigar box lids like paddles. Service alternates between opponents every two points (regardless of winner of the rally) until the end of the game, unless both players score ten points or the expedite system is operated, when the sequences of serving and receiving stay the same but each player serves for only one point in turn (Deuce). 12th Century AD: The game of table tennis probably descended from the the game of "Royal Tennis" (also known as Real Tennis or Court Tennis), which was played in the medieval era. Topspin is the least common type of spin to be found in service at the professional level, simply because it is much easier to attack a top-spin ball that is not moving at high speed. The early years. The historic visit began on April 10, 1971, when 15 American table tennis players, team officials and spouses crossed a bridge from Hong Kong into China. The history of table tennis has been a subject of research for centuries.  The stroke itself consists of lifting the ball to an enormous height before it falls back to the opponent's side of the table. If you're interested in the history of a game that hasn't really gotten much respect, there isn't much to the history either but table tennis is popular in some places and even taken seriously as well. Table tennis serves can exceed 200km/h and cross a 2.74m table in .11 seconds, which is about three times faster than the blink of an eye. Singles and doubles are both played in international competition, including the Olympic Games since 1988 and the Commonwealth Games since 2002. Player's failure to make a service or a return or to comply with the Laws is due to a disturbance outside the control of the player. As this system is not standard across manufacturers, the only way a ball may be used in official competition is upon ITTF approval (the ITTF approval can be seen printed on the ball). TABLE TENNIS 2. A similar situation arose in the United States, where Jaques sold the rights to the "ping-pong" name to Parker Brothers. On April 24, 1927, the English Table Tennis Association was created. This stroke has greatly improved and strengthened the penhold style both physically and psychologically, as it eliminates the strategic weakness of the traditional penhold backhand.  Though it is sometimes referred to as the "tennis" or "Western" grip, it bears no relation to the Western tennis grip, which was popularized on the West Coast of the United States in which the racket is rotated 90°, and played with the wrist turned so that on impact the knuckles face the target. For example, if the order of play is A→X→B→Y at beginning of the first game, the order begins with X→A→Y→B or Y→B→X→A in the second game depending on either X or Y being chosen as the first server of the game. The opponent strikes the ball twice successively. It has been suggested that makeshift versions of the game were developed by British military officers in India around the 1860s or 1870s, who brought it back with them. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF TABLE TENNIS - Relatively young sport, younger than lawn tennis and not much older than basketball. Table tennis started as a genteel, after-dinner game, but is now a fast, high-tech sport.  The server strikes the ball with the racket on the ball's descent so that it touches first his court and then touches directly the receiver's court without touching the net assembly. This was followed by E.C. When a player tries to attack a ball that has not bounced beyond the edge of the table, the player does not have the room to wind up in a backswing. The ball must remain behind the endline and above the upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, at all times during the service. The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage, effective in 2002. In doubles, all the rules of single play are applied except for the following. A lob can have nearly any kind of spin. It also has the most participants of any sport in the world. Also known as speed drive, a direct hit on the ball propelling it forward back to the opponent. Two or four players play the game of table tennis. I was asked about this in the "age thread" and I moved my answer to this new topic: A significant moment in the history of table tennis came . Table tennis was introduced as an Olympic sport at the Olympics in 1988. It is not a fault if the ball accidentally hits one's hand or fingers and then subsequently hits the racket. Everyday objects were used; books as a net, a knot of string as a ball and a cigar box lid as the bat. Do you call it Table Tennis or Ping Pong? Players may tailor their stance based upon their personal preferences, and alter it during the game based upon the specific circumstances.. The rate was twice as high as the next sport, basketball, which featured 15% of naturalized players.  The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) followed in 1926. In the last possible game of a match, for example the seventh game in a best of seven matches, players change ends when the first player scores five points, regardless of whose turn it is to serve. This is commonly referred to as "serve to play", "rally to serve", "play for serve", or "volley for serve".). In game play, the player serving the ball commences a play. For example, the European Table Tennis Union (ETTU) is the governing body responsible for table tennis in Europe.  On the other hand, the popularity of the sport waned in 1930s Soviet Union, partly because of the promotion of team and military sports, and partly because of a theory that the game had adverse health effects. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. The sound produced when the ball was hit instantly changed, so the nickname of the game to Ping Pong . The choice of ball color is made according to the table color and its surroundings. If the third offence happens, 2 points will be given to the player. Japanese and Korean penholders will often use a square-headed racket for an away-from-the-table style of play. Ma Lin (China) won both the Olympic gold and the World Cup, but lost (three times, in 1999, 2005, and 2007) in the finals of the World Championships.  The most important international competitions are the World Table Tennis Championships, the Table Tennis World Cup, the Olympics and the ITTF World Tour. (A common but non-sanctioned method is for the players to play the ball back and forth three times and then play out the point. Since only one side of the racquet is used to hit the ball, two contrasting rubber types can be applied to the blade, offering the advantage of "twiddling" the racket to fool the opponent. Though the opponent may smash the ball hard and fast, a good defensive lob could be more difficult to return due to the unpredictability and heavy amounts of the spin on the ball. Now am confident you might be confused on which is the correct name for this sport.  Common wood types include balsa, limba, and cypress or "hinoki", which is popular in Japan. In the second or the latter games of a match, the game begins in reverse order of play. Aside from the initial direction change when bouncing, unless it goes out of reach, the opponent can counter with either topspin or backspin. Lob is used less frequently by professional players. sportPing Pong is a sport in wich two or four players hit a lightweight, hollow ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. When the player on the receiving side is not ready and the service is delivered. A backspin stroke is similar in the fact that the corkspin stroke has a lower maximum velocity, simply due to the contact angle of the racket when producing the stroke. Hancock Ltd. Your email address will not be published. In addition to games between individual players, pairs may also play table tennis. This requires precision, since the ball's spin, speed, and location all influence the correct angle of a block. Most professional players nowadays, such as Ding Ning, Timo Boll and Zhang Jike, primarily use loop for offense. Though Table Tennis evolved, along with Badminton and Lawn Tennis, from the ancient game of Tennis (also known as Jeu de Paume, Real tennis, Court Tennis or Royal Tennis), the game was developed after Lawn Tennis became popular in the 1880s. A let is also called foul service, if the ball hits the server's side of the table, if the ball does not pass further than the edge and if the ball hits the table edge and hits the net. The Equipment required includes a celluloid plastic ball, a table tennis table; and laminated wooden rackets. 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