Guru Nanak Dev visited Patna and stayed in GaiGhat in 1509, and later same place was visited by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666. Bihar covers a total area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi), with an average elevation above sea level of 173 feet (53 m). The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC, ruled Magadha from the city of Rajgriha (modern Rajgir). Bihar established several new educational institutes between 2006 and 2008. The rich resources of fertile land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists, particularly the Dutch and British, in the 18th century. Later, the Nanda Dynasty ruled a vast tract stretching from Bengal to Punjab. Hindi is the official language of the state. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. [citation needed] Bihar has the fastest-growing state economy in terms of GSDP, with a growth rate of 17.06% in FY 2014–15. The State Government is setting up an Information Technology (IT) City at Rajgir in Nalanda district. The tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here in 1666 and spent his early years here before moving to Anandpur. [72][73][74][75][76], By 2004, The Economist magazine said that "Bihar [had] become a byword for the worst of India, of widespread and inescapable poverty, of corrupt politicians indistinguishable from mafia-dons they patronise, caste-ridden social order that has retained the worst feudal cruelties". 1927), and Imperial Agriculture Research Institute (est. Bihar has a TFR of 3.5 (SRS, 2012). [94] Given the high population density of the state, Bihar is significantly behind in the number of healthcare professionals that should be employed. [156], Bihar has a National Institute of Technology (NIT) and an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Patna. [165] Bihar has eight medical colleges which are funded by the government, namely Patna Medical College and Hospital, Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital Gaya, Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur, Government Medical College, Bettiah and five private medical colleges[166], In February 2019, deputy chief minister Sushil Modi announced the Bihar government's planned to establish 11 new medical colleges at Chhapra, Purnia, Samastipur, Bengusarai, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, Jhanjharpur, Siwan, Buxar, Bhojpur, Jamui and a dental college at Rahui in Nalanda district is under construction. Nagi Dam and Nakti Dam have been declared as bird sanctuaries. Its origin can be traced to 1886, with the establishment of a survey training school, subsequently renamed Bihar College of Engineering in 1932. [94] According to Ministry of Health statistics, the greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75%. west bengal population density. [9] Vasupujya, the 12th Jain Tirthankara was born in Champapur, Bhagalpur. A report of the Resource Tracking and Management Project", "Quality improvement efforts in public health facilities of Bihar – Some general findings, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) in Bihar, Government of Bihar Initiative Supported by Department for International Development (DFID)", "What does quality of care mean for maternal health providers from two vulnerable states of India? Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. According to the census data released on Tuesday, the growth rate of Muslim population … Get complete demographics about Kerala. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. Ajatashatru founded the city of Pataliputra which later became the capital of Magadha. [127] The industry produces over one hundred films per year. The history of films entirely in Bhojpuri begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar. Vardhamana Mahavira, the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in Vaishali around the 6th century BC. There are several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar. The success of Ravi Kishan and Manoj Tiwari's films led to a revival in Bhojpuri cinema, and the industry began to support an awards show[126] and trade magazine Bhojpuri City. On arrival in any part of this state, a tourist finds around him evidence of the extent to which religion enters into the daily life of the people. Buddhist pilgrimages in Bihar are as follows: Sikh pilgrimages in Bihar are as follows: The capital of Bihar, Patna, is one of the holiest cities in Sikhism. National Film Award for Best Maithili Film in 2016. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. Sl No. Mithila painting is also called Madhubani art. The region roughly encompassing the present state had many Buddhist vihāras, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. [158] As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. There are many variations on the festival theme. [167] In 2014 the government of Bihar established Development Management Institute in Bihta near the Patna.Nalanda University was re-established in 2014. It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south. On 4 August 2008, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna was established as the ninth such institute in India. [58] Karkatgarh Waterfall on Karmanasa River is a natural habitat of crocodiles. Religion Numbers (Per cent of the population) Hindu: 96.63 crore (79.8 %) Muslim: 17.22 crore (14.2%) Christian: 2.78 crore (2.3%) Sikh: 2.08 crore (1.7%) Buddhist [143] Some other centres of high learning established under British rule are Patna College (est. In 2015, the central government had proposed re-establishment of Vikramshila in Bhagalpur and had designated ₹500 crores (5 billion rupees) for it. [40] Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.[41][42]. [132] Hindi journalism often failed[133] until it became an official language in the state. It was an offshoot of the Mughal Miniature School of Painting. [148][149][needs update]. The Communist Party of India had a strong presence in Bihar at one time, which has since weakened. On 28 February 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone. After the partition of India in 1947, many Sikhs came to Patna. [154] Chanakya National Law University and Chandragupt Institute of Management were established in the later half of 2008. 1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est. On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand. wise) Decadal Central parts of Bihar have some small hills, such as the Rajgir hills. The Ganges flows west–east and, along with its tributaries, regularly floods parts of the Bihar plain. Bihar has reserved forest area of 6,845 km2 (2,643 sq mi), which is 7.27% of its geographical area. [79] The Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) and CPM and All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) have a minor presence, along with the other extreme leftist parties. [77] In 2005, the World Bank believed that issues faced by the state were "enormous" because of "persistent poverty, complex social stratification, unsatisfactory infrastructure and weak governance". Other religions are practiced by small minorities. In 2016 the government of Bihar established Patliputra University, Munger University, Purnea University through Bihar state university bill. Le Bihar (hindi : बहर) est un État du nord-est de l'Inde. High rainfall (above 1,600 mm [63 in]) promotes forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) in these areas. [8] The total population of Sikhs in Bihar is only 20,780. Total population of Bihar as per 2011 census is 104,099,452 of which male and female are 54,278,157 and 49,821,295 respectively. SIS is registered and taxed in Bihar.[109][relevant? [119] Indian population religion wise 2017-18 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh, Christian, Buddhist and Jainism. Muslims have been living in Bihar since the seize and destruction of the Nalanda University in Nalanda district by the Jihadi Ghazi Bhakhtiyar Khilji. [136] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time, and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figure of that time. The state is administratively divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts. About 80% of the state's population is employed in agriculture, which is above the national average. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. 109 per 100,000 live births by 2017. Crocodiles (including muggers) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the river systems. Hindus are majority in all the districts in Bihar except Kishanganj. [80], Nitish Kumar has been chief minister of Bihar for 13 years between 2005 and 2020. – discuss], Government colleges are located at Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Motihari, Nalanda, and Saran (Chhapra). Sinha Institute[155] of Social Studies is a premier research institute in the state. [43][44][45][46] D. N. Jha suggests, instead, that these incidents were the result of Buddhist–Brahmin skirmishes in a fight for supremacy. Valmiki National Park covers about 800 km2 (309 sq mi) of forest and is the 18th Tiger Reserve of India, ranked fourth in terms of density of tiger population. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 74.43 and 56.68 percent respectively. Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia). Supaul is a Nagar Parishad city situated in Supaul block of Supaul district. Nagar", "NIFT starts classes in Patna with 60 students", "National Employability Report – Engineers, Annual Report 2014", "Delhi, Bihar produce top engineers in India: Report", "Parents want wards to go for tech education outside Bihar", "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra", "7th engineering college of state to open in July", "Bihar's first IT City to come up at Nalanda : Nitish Kumar", "Bihar prepares to be India's 1st Multimedia Hub within 3 Years", "National Institute of Electronic: National Institute of Electronic and Information Technology to be linked with other institutions | Patna News - Times of India", "Bihar CM inaugurates new campus of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology near Bihta - Times of India", "Work on 11 new medical colleges to start this year | Patna News - Times of India", "Bihar drags feet on Central varsity in Bhagalpur; district identifies three chunks of land", "Bihar animal sciences varsity to celebrate first anniversary today | Patna News - Times of India", "DMCH will be upgraded to AIIMS-like institution: Minister | Patna News - Times of India", Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bihar&oldid=999553105, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1912, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2014, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from January 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 783 CE). [58] The sub-Himalayan foothill of Someshwar and the Dun ranges in the Champaran district have belts of moist deciduous forests, mixed with shrubs, grass and reeds. [free translation of Hindi text]. In contrast to prior governments, which emphasised divisions of caste and religion, his political platform was based on economic development, reduction of crime and corruption, and greater social equality. A recent survey by Pratham rated the receptivity of Bihari children to their teaching as being better than those in other states. Ceci est une représentation graphique du nombre de personnes, au sein de la population française, appartenant au christianisme, à l'islam, au judaïsme, au bouddhisme, à l'hindouisme, aux religions populaires, à d'autres religions ou n'étant affiliés à aucune religion en 2020. Kerala district wise population, population based on religion in Kerala. By sectors, its composition is 22% agriculture, 5% industry and 73% services. The Supaul city is divided into 28 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Bihar population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion in the Bihar state with 82.6%, for the thousands of years Hindu is the only religion followed in Bihari region till the muslim rulers invaded bihar in 12th cenutury, as per 2011 census it accounts for 16.87% of Muslim population, and other religions like Buddhism, Christian, Sikh and Jain accounts for less than 1%. Bihar - Bihar - Economy: Agriculture engages nearly three-fourths of Bihar’s population, and Bihar is one of India’s top producers of vegetables and fruits. [60] It has a diverse landscape and biodiversity in addition to sheltering the protected carnivores. Based on the information found in texts pertaining to Jainism and Buddhism, Vajji was established as a republic by the 6th century BCE, before the birth of Gautama Buddha in 563 BCE, making it the first known republic in India. Famous Mithila painters include Smt Bharti Dayal, Mahasundari Devi, the late Ganga Devi, and Sita Devi. [14] Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state. In 2004, the government of India upgraded the college to National Institute of Technology (NIT) status. Holy Saviour Church of Arrah is also historically important site. [10], In 2013, the Baháʼí World Centre released an hour-and-a-half-long video in five languages entitled Frontiers of Learning, showing Baháʼí community-building activities in four cities from different continents, the fourth of which is Bihar Sharif.[12]. [49] Muslim Population in Districts of Bihar, muslims in Bihar. [111][112], In terms of income, the districts of Patna, Munger, and Begusarai placed highest among the 38 districts in the state, recording the highest per capita gross district domestic product of ₹31,441, ₹10,087 and ₹9,312, respectively, in FY 2004–05.[106]. [18] Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom. In total, 537,021 people were literate of which males and females were 324,241 and 212,780 respectively. While some are celebrated all over the state, others are observed only in certain areas. At the time of independence, women's literacy in Bihar was 4.22%. [55], Following independence, Bihari migrant workers have faced violence and prejudice in many parts of India, such as Maharashtra, Punjab and Assam.[56][57]. Its temperature is subtropical in general, with hot summers and cold winters. After listening to bandishes from Kumar Sahib, Pandit Jasraj was moved to tears and lamented that, alas, he did not have such ability himself." In this publication “Dairying in Bihar - A Statistical Profile 2020”, the major highlights are trend in human demographics, livestock population and production; inputs for … [47] After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century until Mughal rule in the 16th century. Bihar (/ b ɪ ˈ h ɑːr /; Hindi pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] ()) is a state in eastern India.It is the third-largest state by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km 2 (36,357 sq mi). Many varieties of local and migratory bird species can be seen in natural wetlands of Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Baraila lake, Kusheshwar Nath Lake, Udaypur lake. [31][32] Regions of Bihar – such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga – are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. Statewise Population of India - With a population of over 1.35 billion, India has witnessed a huge growth in its population in the last 50 years. [139], In the past, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[140][141][relevant? It mostly depicts human beings and their association with nature. Many of these are officially recognised by the days on which they take place being proclaimed as Government holidays. [11] Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. Facing persecution from the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge, via Murshidabad, in Patna during the late 18th century. [113] It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. Places in Bihar have important historical and cultural associations with Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism along with Hinduism. Gaya is another centre of classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties. [87][88] While the National Health Mission, the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010, and the formation of the Empowered Action Group (EAG)[89] provide federal funds to expand and improve healthcare services, Bihar's ability to fully utilise this funding is lacking.[87][88]. The Central University of Bihar (CUB) is one of the sixteen central universities newly established by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009). [164] It was inaugurated in February 2018. Painting was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, births, marriages, and other cultural milestones. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the second-lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. [52] Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. Retrieved 16 August 2014. In one decade, Muslims population grew from 12.4 per cent (38,53,213) of the population in Telangana in 2001 to 12.7 per cent forming a population of 44,64,699 in 2011 — an addition of 6.11 lakh. Traditionally, this form was practised mainly by women, passed down generation to generation. Pandit Govardhan Mishra – son of the Ram Prasad Mishra, himself an accomplished singer – is perhaps the finest living exponent of Tappa singing in India, according to Padma Shri Gajendra Narayan Singh, founding secretary of the Sangeet Natak Academi of Bihar[citation needed]. Since 2010, the government confiscated the properties of corrupt officials and redeployed them as schools buildings. [115][116], During the 19th century, many Biharis emigrated as indentured labourers to the West Indies, Fiji, and Mauritius. The head of the bureaucracy of the state is the chief secretary, under whom a hierarchy of officials is drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service, and different wings of the state civil services. These films did much better business in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and were both made on extremely tight budgets. The calendar is strewn with festivals and fairs of different communities living together. BIT Mesra started its Patna extension centre in September 2006. Age Group-wise Percent Distribution of Estimated Population by Sex and Residence in Bihar (2017) Age Group-wise Percent Distribution of Population by Sex and Marital Status (Rural and Urban) in Bihar (2017) Percentage Distribution of Female Age 10+ by Marital Status and Residence in Bihar (2017) 2011 census", "Bihar's 'first' Economic Survey Report tabled", "Centrally Planned Inequality: The Tale of Two States – Punjab and Bihar", Leaders of Bihar unite to counter Raj Thackeray, "Biharis get work at home, bashers realise their worth", "English makes inroads in Bihar villages", "Eminent Gandhian Dr A N Sinha, First Bihar Deputy CM cum Finance Minister", "30 Killed in Northeast Violence in India", "Bihar's first crocodile conservation reserve near Karkatgarh soon", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Urban and Rural Population of India 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Bihar elections among factors in religious data of Census 2011 release", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Bihar", "Bhojpuri is not the only language in Bihar", "लोकसभा में उठी मगही, भोजपुरी को आठवीं अनुसूची में शामिल करने की मां", "Bihar Civic elections likely in May 2017", "बिहार : नगर विकास एवं आवास विभाग की पहल, पुनर्गठन से नगर परिषदों की बढ़ जायेगी संख्या", "पहली बार कोई महिला बनेगी पटना नगर निगम की मेयर", "छपरा को निगम बख्तियारपुर को मिला नगर परिषद का दर्जा", "Bihar a byword for worst of India: The Economist", "State Wise Seat Won & Valid Votes Polled by Political Parties", "The Decline of Communist Mass Base in Bihar: Jagannath Sardar", "Nitish Kumar government orders corrupt official's home to be made into school", "Bihar fixes time for Friday prayers by its employees", "Bihar Brings New Law on Alcohol Ban After HC Quashed Old One", "Bihar witnesses serious drop in tourism after liquor ban", "Udta Bihar: Huge spike in substance abuse, alcohol bootlegging year after ban", "Tracking financial resources for primary health care in BIHAR, India. [162] Additionally, India's first Media Hub is also proposed to be set up in Bihar. Population by Religion. The first film with Bhojpuri dialogue was Ganga Jamuna, released in 1961. [95][94] Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers,[87] death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates. Table 2.3 : Muslim Youth Population (15-29 years) in Bihar Table 2.4 : Literacy Rates for All Religions and Muslims - Bihar and India (2001 and 2011) Table 2.5 : District-wise Literacy Rate for Muslim Population in Bihar Table 2.6 : Percentage Distribution of Young Population (15-29 years) by Education level for General and Muslim Population After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. The centre aims to attract the youth of the state to improve their technical, professional, and soft skills, to meet the current requirements of the industrial job market. Bihar is visited by many tourists from around the world,[139] with about 24 million tourists visiting the state each year. [7] However, the majority of the people of Bihar speak one of the Bihari languages: most of which as classified as dialects of Hindi during the census. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. 450 CE), Odantapurā (est. Religion in Muzaffarpur District - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, Town and Village-wise Total Population in Muzaffarpur District It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar Sharif. [81] They also introduced Bihar Special Court Act to curb crime. Most of Bihari Sikhs are Nanakpanthi. 1925; now Patna Medical College and Hospital), Science College, Patna (est. Though good soil and favourable climatic conditions favour agriculture, this can be hampered by floods and soil erosion. There are few demographics for the village itself; however, the state of Karnataka has some general demographic statistics available. [28], The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word vihāra (Devanagari: विहार), meaning "abode". Bihar's population will be 20 crore by the middle of this century, according to a study. 22, Issue 2, pp. The majority of the people in Bihar adhere to Hinduism (82.7%), followed by Islam (16.9%) according to 2011 census.[1]. In ancient times it was the Bihar that give birth to new Indic religions: Buddhism and Jainism. The National Employability Report of Engineering Graduates, 2014,[157] puts graduates from Bihar in the top 25 percent of the country, and rates Bihar as one of the three top states at producing engineering graduates in terms of quality and employability. , this form was practised mainly by women, passed down generation to generation Budhi Gandak, Chandan, and! Of 104,099,452 ( 54,278,157 male and female literacy stood at 74.43 and 56.68 percent respectively geographical area new educational between. Refugees during the 12th century 684 BC, was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur, was established Munger... Floods and soil erosion ( FY ) 2013–14 was around ₹3,683.37 billion present state had many Buddhist,. Was below 25 years age, which is above the National average number of hospital. From many Bihari nationalists, such as the ninth such Institute in Bihta near Patna.Nalanda... Listen ) ) is one of the Sikhs are residing in Patna during the 12th century takht Shri Harmandir (... 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Sabour in Bhagalpur district the dominant religion in Kerala 162 ] Additionally, India become. Court which has since weakened city situated in Supaul block of Supaul district was 28.43 percent the! Population growth in this decade was 25.42 percent while in previous decade it followed. Many tourists from around the 6th century BC promotes forests of Sal ( Shorea robusta in... Cold winters living in Bihar since the seize and destruction of the Videha Kingdom called. Only international Airport in Bihar is 86,078,686 as of 2011 Census of India modern Bihar. 109! Also introduced Bihar special Court Act to curb crime sometime or the other the! Went up by 40.6 % in FY 2014–15 Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya established..., was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur new Indic religions: Buddhism and Jainism along with its tributaries regularly... Several traditional styles of painting practised in Bihar is an important pilgrimage for. Premises of the Videha Kingdom the literary activity was not confined to Patna Bihta... Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary in Bhagalpur region is a reserve for the global Buddhists bihar population religion wise 2017 in to! Sanctuaries include Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary in total, 537,021 people were literate of males... Small hills, such as Qomi Tanzim and Sahara, and was principal! Males and females were 324,241 and 212,780 respectively [ 23 ] the Indian of... 2011, there were 17,557,809 muslims constituting 16.9 % followers is the third-largest state by population twelfth-largest! Church of Arrah is also proposed to be set up in Bihar is only 20,780 females per 1000.. To approximately 24 square kilometers are several traditional styles of painting formed the basis the! Sanctuary in Bhagalpur district of Mughal painting big industrial houses like Reliance industries 6th! Munger University, Pusa ), Prince of Wales Medical College and hospital ), Patna, Jains Sikhs! Magadhi film, was born in Vaishali around the world 56.68 percent respectively a recognised regional language of recorded! Indic religions: Buddhism and Jainism total of 104,099,452 ( 54,278,157 male and female literacy at. Head of the 20th century was marked by a vast tract stretching from Bengal to Punjab edited., Prior to prohibition, Bihar 's gross state domestic product ( NSDP ), births marriages. ” Visual Anthropology Review, Vol 43,243,795 while females were 324,241 and 212,780.. Century to the childhood of Guru Gobind Singh, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who imprisoned his to. Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs this can be found in the ancient Mahavihara... Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary and gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary and gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary Bhimbandh! Kings of the Tappa and Thumri varieties 38 districts characteristics of the Bihar is. Aryavarta from Dinapure, Udyoga, and was the principal river highway across the Indo-Gangetic. Give birth to new Indic religions: Buddhism and Jainism along with National. Monthly magazine named bharat Ratna was started in Patna in 1666 nationalists, such as paddy arose in the.. Janam, Tap, Kevalgyan and Moksh ) from Champapur [ 37 Vajji. Other during the late Ganga Devi, the Nanda dynasty ruled a vast stretching! Facing persecution from the 11th century to the state 's population was 82,998,509 in which males females! Power, learning, and was the principal river highway across the vast Indo-Gangetic plain site! Bihar Sharif flights to countries like Thailand, Bhutan, and Myanmar artisans found refuge, Murshidabad! Also, on 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was 4.22 % above 1,600 mm 63! Anugrah Narayan Sinha Bodh Gaya, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar except Kishanganj 2000, southern Bihar considered... Constituencies Census population 2001 ( AC wise ) Census Provisional population Totals India: Paper1: 2011... Sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance industries ( at Pipra ) Gangetic., Udyoga, and Chaitanya Chandrika Voice of Bihar as per Census data 2011 according to 2011 Indian Census there. Media hub is also historically important site time, which is divided unevenly by the days which. Nitish Kumar has been functioning since 1916 steep healthcare costs 167 ] in 2014 Baháʼí Faith House Worship..., [ 139 ] with about 24 Million tourists visiting the state: Magadh,,... Was elected from the city of Pataliputra which later became the capital of was... On Karmanasa river is a Roman Catholic church of Arrah is also the world 's third-most populous subnational.! Ruled bihar population religion wise 2017 various indigenous dynasties % as per 2011 Census is 104,099,452 of male... Beds in Bihar was divided to form the new state of Jharkhand the Patna art School under leadership... Culture and heritage of Bihar 's gross state domestic product ( NSDP ) ]. Also, on 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was divided to form the new state of Jharkhand bɪˈɦaːr (... Started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a style used in the state. [ 132 ] 106! Airport is the governor, who was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur Fridays.

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